DIDH supports and accompanies the integration of human rights approach in public policies and programs. In this way, rigorous follow-up of Morocco’s international human rights commitments is the main task undertaken by DIDH.
It works in coordination with ministerial departments, particularly those involved directly in categorical rights.
The promotion of categorical rights
DIDH ensured, for example, the accomplishment of many actions within the framework of implementing the Governmental Plan for Equality(GPE) 2012-2016 ICRAM . Among the 8 axes, DIDH action revolves around axes one and seven:
Axe 1: Institutionalization and diffusion of principles of equity, equality and the setting up of the bases of parity;
DIDH has elaborated the following periodic report :
- The 5th and 6th national report on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women.
- The 19th, 20th and 21st national report on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination.
For this purpose, many consultation meetings with concerned actors have been organized:
- DIDH has also organized capacity building sessions for the benefice of civil society actors about ‘the integration of gender approach in planning and programming’ , (Marrakesh on May12th, 2015 within the framework of implementing the UNDP-DIDH cooperation program).
- It also takes into consideration the Gender approach in different partnership actions with civil society both for the call for projects and ad-hoc partnership. Thus, 26 projects have been supported with a total budget amount of 2170000dh.
- Concerning the legislative field, DIDH has given opinions, addressed memoranda and participated actively in committees and workshops of different law projects to guarantee their conformity to Morocco’s international commitments concerning human rights. It has also addressed memoranda to governmental departments like those addressed to the Ministry of Solidarity, Woman, Family and Social Development for the elaboration of law project related to the Authority on Parity and the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination.
Axes 7.Equal access to decision-making at administrative, political and economic levels
- DIDH is keen on respecting the parity principle in the management of its human resources. Thus, women manage 39% of responsibility posts.
Integrated public policy for the promotion of the rights of the persons with disabilities
After the adoption of the law project for the promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities by the House of Representatives (October14th, 2014) and the House of Councilors (June 23rd, 2015) and the elaboration of the national survey on disabilities (2014), the Ministry of Solidarity, Woman, Family and Social Development has elaborated, in consultation with concerned actors, an integrated public policy for the promotion of persons with disabilities. The objective of this policy is to guarantee access to fundamental rights guaranteed by the constitution and allow social integration of this category.
As stipulated in article 31 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), the Ministry of Solidarity, Women and Social Development has elaborated a list of indicators to follow-up the implementation of the CRPD. This project has been addressed to DIDH for remarks.
DIDH has also elaborated the initial report on the CRPD submitted to the Committee in 2014.
Revision of legal framework concerning immigration, exile and human trafficking
Following the National Human Rights Council report entiteled: ‘Foreigners and Human Rights in Morocco: for a radically new asylum and migration policy’, presented to His Majesty the King in September 2013, Morocco has launched a national policy for immigration. A humane, holistic and responsible policy, the first one in its region.
Following the Royal directives, four sub-committees composed of the representatives of concerned departments were created:
- a committee in charge of the settlement of the situation of persons who have been granted the capacity of a refugee by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees;
- a committee In charge of the exceptional settlement in favor of persons residing illegally;
- a committee in charge of sparking a new dynamics at the diplomatic level regarding immigration issues at international, regional and sub-regional level and the last one in charge of the qualification of legal and institutional framework for immigration;
DIDH has coordinated the work of the later sub-committee in charge of preparing three legal texts dealing with exile, human trafficking and immigration.
1. Preliminary draft law on exile:
The draft law prepared in the spirit of the Geneva Convention foresees the protection to all foreigners threatened, without any adverse distinction based, in particular, on race, nationality, religion or political opinion.
The law project was established considering a number of principles, especially:
- Non-refoulement of a refugee or an asylum seeker to a country in which his corporal integrity or life is in danger;
- Recognition of the refugees’ rights stated in Geneva Convention: right of residence, family gathering and the right to exercise a professional activity.
2. The law on human trafficking
The law on human trafficking aims at the protection of all the victims of trafficking and the prescription of coercive measures against trafficking networks. It was established considering the following principles:
- Criminalization of human trafficking;
- Conformity with general principles of the law and international law;
- Creation of a national structure for the coordination and preparation of public policies for the struggle against trafficking and to protection of victims;
- Strengthening regional and international cooperation.
3. Preliminary draft law on immigration
This preliminary draft law suggests the reshaping of the current system related to immigration, and the adoption of a new approach based on human rights.it aims at strengthening the protection of migrants in a vulnerable situation, pregnant, victims of trafficking, non-accompanied minor children and the persons with a serious illness.
Moreover, it envisions guaranteeing, through clear and precise procedures ,the right of foreigners to an effective remedy in conformity with international norms and the dispositions of the constitution , stating clearly the principle of equality among citizens and foreigners residing in Morocco regarding the enjoyment of fundamental freedoms(article 30 of the constitution) and access to justice to defend the rights and interests that are protected by the law(Article 118 of the constitution).
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